Review of e-commerce legislation harmonization in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) [UNCTAD/DTL/STICT/2013/1]


Within the UNCTAD Division on Technology and Logistics, the ICT Analysis Section carries out policy-oriented analytical work on the development implications of information and communication technologies (ICTs). It is responsible for the preparation of the Information Economy Report as well as thematic studies on ICT for Development. The ICT Analysis Section promotes international dialogue on issues related to ICTs for development, and contributes to building developing countries’ capacities to measure the information economy and to design and implement relevant policies and legal frameworks.

The following symbols have been used in the tables:

  • Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available or are not separately reported. Rows in tables have been omitted in those cases where no data are available for any of the elements in the row;
  • A dash (–) indicates that the item is equal to zero or its value is negligible;
  • A blank in a table indicates that the item is not applicable, unless otherwise indicated;
  • A slash (/) between dates representing years, for example, 1994/95, indicates a financial year;
  • Use of an en dash (–) between dates representing years, for example, 1994–1995, signifies the full period involved, including the beginning and end years;
  • Reference to “dollars” ($) means United States dollars, unless otherwise indicated;
  • Annual rates of growth or change, unless otherwise stated, refer to annual compound rates;
  • Details and percentages in tables do not necessarily add up to the totals because of rounding.

The material contained in this study may be freely quoted with appropriate acknowledgement.



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